The Vascular Disease Foundation in the USA is urging everyone, especially women, to learn about the risks as each year between 100,000-180,000 Americans die as the result of pulmonary embolism, a complication from blood clots in the lungs. While men and women are at equal risk, the risk for deep vein thrombosis, or blood clots, varies depending on where a woman is in her lifecycle, her hormone levels, and if she has a family history of clotting disorders.
DVT occurs when a blood clot forms in the deep veins, usually of the pelvis or leg. DVT can be dangerous in two ways. First, it can be fatal if a blood clot breaks free from the leg veins and travels through the heart and lodges in the lung arteries. This complication, called pulmonary embolism (PE), causes between 100,000 and 180,000 deaths per year in the United States. Secondly DVT is dangerous because blood clots can permanently damage the veins, and as many as half of DVT survivors can experience long-term leg pain, heaviness and swelling that can progress to difficulty in walking, changes in skin color and leg ulcers. This condition, called post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) or “chronic venous insufficiency,” can significantly impair quality of life.
Who Is At Risk?
Unfortunately DVT can occur in almost anyone, but certain individuals may be at greater risk than others and women are certainly among that group. Risk factors or triggering events include pregnancy and the six to eight weeks after giving birth, the use of birth control pills or postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy, cancer and its treatment, and major surgery.
It is possible to realistically assess your risk factors, and clearly the more risk factors you have, the greater your chances are of developing it. Knowing your risk factors gives you the chance to do something about it so use this checklist to assess your own risk potential:
•Hospitalization for a medical illness or any illness
•Recent major surgery (especially orthopedic surgery) or injury or trauma
•Personal history of a clotting disorder or previous DVT
•Cancer and their treatments
•Family history of DVT
•Extended bed rest
•Prolonged sitting when travelling (longer than 6 to 8 hours)
Take Immediate Action If You have Any of These Symptoms
DVT and Pulmonary Embolism should be considered emergencies that require immediate care if any of the following symptoms are present:
- Recent swelling of one or both legs
- Unexplained pain or tenderness of one leg
- Change in skin color or skin is hot to the touch
- Recent or sudden shortness of breath
- Sharp chest pain, especially when breathing in
- Coughing up blood or sudden collapse
“Every year, more people die from preventable blood clots than from breast cancer, AIDS and traffic accidents combined,” said Dr. Samuel Goldhaber, Chairman of the Venous Disease Coalition. “It is so important to raise awareness about DVT and PE because although blood clots are common, few Americans have sufficient knowledge about blood clots and how to prevent them.”
If you would like to have more information on DVT or PE conditions then visit www.venousdiseasecoalition.org