Inflammation is a defense mechanism in the body. The immune system recognises damaged cells, irritants, and pathogens, and it begins the healing process. It is the body’s attempt at self-protection to remove harmful stimuli and begin the healing process.
Inflammatory diseases include a vast array of disorders and conditions that are characterised by inflammation such as allergies, asthma, autoimmune diseases, coeliac disease, hepatitis, inflammatory bowel disease and transplant rejection/
How to help your body deal with inflammation
When something harmful or irritating affects a part of our body, there is a biological response to try to remove it. The signs and symptoms of inflammation can be uncomfortable but are showing that the body is trying to heal itself so here are some simple tips to maximise your health.
Keep It Simple
Although no diet is proven to cure or treat psoriatic arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other inflammatory conditions, you can choose foods that will help with it. Go for items that haven’t been highly processed. You want ones that are still close to their natural state.
You may not need to avoid nightshade vegetables
Tomatoes, white potatoes, peppers, and eggplants are sometimes called “nightshade” vegetables. Some people say they have less joint pain and inflammation when they stop eating nightshades, but research hasn’t shown this.
Take tomatoes, for example. They have lycopene and vitamin C that help curb inflammation. Chili peppers also have benefits.
Paprika adds flavour, colour, and health benefits to food. It contains capsaicin, an active component of chilli peppers, and is a natural pain and inflammation fighter. Also found in red peppers and cayenne pepper in supplement form.
Other spices like ginger, turmeric, and garlic may offer similar health perks.
In part, a fibre rich diet may help reduce inflammation by lowering body weight. High-fibre foods also feed beneficial bacteria living in the gut, which then release substances that promote lower levels of inflammation body-wide.
Foods like white rice and white bread don’t have much fibre so switch to whole grains or whole wheat and get increased nutrients and vitamins.
Lentils are also an excellent source of fibre, whatever colour they are, as are all forms of beans and peas.
Check your sugar intake
Research shows that the consumption of foods high in sugar can cause inflammation and most forms of joint pain and muscle aches involve inflammation. So pain and other inflammatory symptoms may be exacerbated and prolonged by eating foods high in sugar, or just having a very high sugar intake from your diet generally.
The American Heart Association recommends that women eat no more than 25 grams of added sugars daily and it is not just in cakes, biscuits and sweets. Have you checked how much is in your yoghurt, breakfast cereal, and particularly anything labelled fat-free such as salad dressing or tomato sauce as they will often include sweeteners or sugar.
Limit your saturated fat
Too much fat in red meat particularly can promote inflammation. So can processed red meats like bacon and sausages. Look for lean protein such as turkey, chicken, fish and vegetarian sources such as beans and tofu.
Good sources of fat include extra virgin olive oil, but as it is also high in calories, keep consumption moderate. Extra virgin oil have a natural chemical called oleocanthal, which shares similar properties with the anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen.
Nuts, avocados, and olives are other good fats you can enjoy in moderation.
Increase fatty fish
I recommend this so often but it is so worthwhile switching so you eat at least two servings a week, Best are salmon, sardines, mackerel, and tuna.
Fatty fish are one of the best sources of omega-3s, a type of fat that helps reduce inflammation throughout the body.
Cocoa can be good
It has flavonoids, which are nutrients that also may curb inflammation. To get cocoa in its best form, avoid it in highly sweetened, processed foods like biscuits or any chocolate with less than 80% coca solids. Instead, add cocoa powder to smoothies or a mug of steamed milk.
Mushrooms are rich in anti-inflammatory components, such as polysaccharides, phenolic and indolic compounds, mycosteroids, fatty acids, carotenoids, vitamins, and biometals.
Many vegetables are also good for inflammation such as spinach and kale, and fruits such as strawberries, blueberries, cherries, and oranges.
What can make inflammation worse?
These are the main culprits that can make your inflammation worse:
Sugar and High-Fructose Corn Syrup
Artificial Trans Fats
Vegetable and seed Oils
Progesterone especially comes to the anti-inflammatory rescue when combined with vitamin D. Numerous studies show that vitamin D and progesterone work in synergy. They “fight” abnormal or dangerously prolonged inflammation, especially in the brain, nervous system, and even the gut.